The Climate Bill also provides for a 49% reduction of greenhouse gas emissions levels (as compared with 1990) by 2030 and 100% CO2-neutral electricity production by 31 December 2050. These are target values that serve the main objective of a 95% reduction of greenhouse gas emissions levels by 2050.
Furthermore, the bill contains an obligation for the government to issue a climate plan every five years. In this plan, the government must specify its climate objectives and associated measures for the next five-year period and give direction to the climate policy for the next ten years. The government must inform the Dutch parliament on the latest developments annually. In the bill, the Dutch Council of State is appointed to advise the government on its compliance with the Climate Act once it has entered into force.
The bill itself does not contain specific measures to ensure that the objectives are reached. It therefore remains uncertain what the impact on industry and society will be. On 10 July 2018, a proposal for an Outline Climate Agreement was presented. This outline agreement is the result of discussions between local and regional governments, NGOs, industry, and other parties and companies on how to reach the bill’s climate objectives. The discussions are facilitated by the Social and Economic Council (SER) and held in five sector-based groups: built environment, manufacturing industry, agriculture, mobility and electricity. In the outline agreement, the parties have specified in which areas reduction can take place, but the agreement does not yet suggest specific measures on how to reach the reduction targets.
For most of the topics covered by the outline agreement, it remains unclear if the measures to reach the bill’s targets will be laid down in further legislation or in agreements between the government and the relevant parties. The discussions in the sector-based groups will continue after the summer and hopefully lead to more specific suggestions. The sector-based group on agriculture has paraphrased Kermit the frog by saying: “it’s not easy being green”. It is likely that the road to reach the bill’s targets will be long and bumpy. For green technology investors, it will therefore continue to be difficult to obtain certainty.